Native to China, the kiwifruit is one of the world’s most popular tropical fruits. New Zealand is now the world’s second largest kiwifruit producer, behind China, with a market share of roughly 30%.
Kiwifruit is New Zealand’s most important fruit export crop, accounting for around a third of the country’s total fruit exports. First to commercialize viable kiwifruits, New Zealand also created export markets for the fruit, resulting in today’s kiwifruit business.
Top Kiwifruit Producing Regions in New Zealand
More than 11,600 hectares of kiwifruit were grown in New Zealand in 2018. It is estimated that roughly 80 percent of the land in the Bay of Plenty is planted with kiwifruit.
Northland, highest average yearly temperature because of its latitude and low elevation. As of 2017, had 4,423 hectares of horticultural land. There are additional kiwifruit plantations being created in Kerikeri and Whangarei as part of Northland’s $76 million kiwifruit.
Auckland, Tasman-Nelson and Waikato has 3.5 percent to 5 percent of the population planted of kiwifruit.
Gisborne, Hawke’s Bay, and Manawatu-Wanganui also have some smaller areas planted of kiwifruit.
The kiwifruit season in New Zealand spans from April to December, with kiwifruit imported to meet domestic demand during the off-season. 2750 kiwifruit farmers produced 157.7 million trays (567.720 Tonnes) in the year up to June 2019. New Zealand shipped around 545,800 Tonnes worth $2,302 million worth of kiwifruit in the same time period, making it the country’s top-value agricultural export.
Kiwifruit prefers warm, bright summers and cold winters. With respect to this aspect kiwifruit fits best in bay of plenty and is major fruit grown with respect to production and economy of New Zealand.
Bay of plenty – The Largest Kiwifruit Producing Region
The Bay of Plenty produces 81 percent of total New Zealand’s kiwifruit. Some of details of bay of plenty is as under:
“The Bay of Plenty” is an area in New Zealand, centered on the Bay of Plenty bight on the northern coast of New Zealand’s North Island, which is also known as Te Moana-a-To There are 260 kilometers between the Coromandel Peninsula and Cape Runaway.
There are several big islands in the Bay of Plenty Region, which is controlled by the Bay of Plenty Regional Council. Formed by James Cook in 1769 when he saw the abundance of food resources at many Mori communities in contrast to his observations in Poverty Bay and named it Te Moana-a-Toi (the Sea of Toi), the Maori name for ‘Bay of Plenty’ is derived from Toi, a distant relative.
In Mori mythology, the Bay of Plenty was the landing location for multiple migration canoes that carried Maori people to New Zealand, according to local legend. Many of today’s town and city names can be traced back to early Mori colonization.
The Bay of Plenty region contains 12,200 km² of land and 9,500 km² of coastal marine area. You may find it on North Island’s eastern coast between Coromandel Peninsula (west) and Cape Runaway (east).
In addition to the shoreline of the mainland, the region extends 12 nautical miles out into the bay, including Mayor Island/Tuhua, Motiti Island, Whale Island, and Whakaari/White Island, which is home to the active volcano Whakaari/ From Rotorua and Murupara, it continues into the sparsely-populated forest lands of the central North Island
There were 308,499 people living in the Bay of Plenty region in 2018, up by 40,758 (15.2 percent) from the 2013 census and 51,120 (19.9 percent) from the 2006 census. It was estimated that 110,919 households were Men outnumbered females by a ratio of 0.95, with 150 366 men outnumbering 158 133.
Sixty-four thousand (64,182) persons were under the age of 15, 53,832 (17.4%) were 15 to 29, 133,386 (43.2%) were 30 to 64, and 57,096 (18.5%) were 65 or older, making up 20.8 percent of the population. 6.6 percent of the population of New Zealand lives in the Bay of Plenty.
People live mostly in western and central areas of the coast and sparingly occupy the eastern part. In New Zealand, this region has the third-highest regional population density, despite its little land size.
Tauranga, Rotorua, and Whakatane are the largest population centres.
Summers are hot and humid, and winters are pleasant around the Bay of Plenty. Especially along the coast, it is one of New Zealand’s warmest places. Most of the country has at least 2,200 hours of sunshine every year. Maximum temperatures range from 10 to 16 degrees Celsius in the winter and from 22 to 26 degrees Celsius in the summer.
Minimum temperatures range from 0–9 °C in the winter to 11–17 °C in the summer, depending on When it comes to precipitation in general, winter is wetter than the summer. However, tropical storms in the summer or autumn can Annual rainfall can reach up to 2000 mm in the central region, and up to 4000 mm in the eastern and western regions.